Not fussy about soil.  The shrub is still widely used as an herbal medicine in Mexico. To become established, the young plant apparently must experience three to five years of abnormally cool and moist weather during and after germination. ", harvnb error: no target: CITEREFUnited_States_Herbarium1890 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFWignallBowers1993 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, United States Food and Drug Administration, "The oldest living thing is a quiet survivor", "Health Canada warns consumers not to take products containing chaparral", "King Clone, The World's Oldest Living Thing", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Larrea_tridentata&oldid=962599468, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 June 2020, at 00:40. ... Larrea tridentata. How is it used? Colors: Reddish to white (Fruit) Shapes: Small, globose (Fruit) Taste: Bitter: Health benefits: Lowers cholesterol, Treats cancer, Multiple treatment, HIV treatment: More facts about Creosote bush Larrea tridentata, the creosote bush, is the most common shrub of the three hottest US deserts (Mojave, Sonoran and Chihuahuan).Plants can bloom any time of year, following rainfall, though early spring to early summer is the usual time. Possibly because it is so common in the desert, one Arizona website states that its "attractiveness is a matter of personal preference", suggesting that more than a few desert inhabitants consider it ugly. , It is a flowering plant in the family Zygophyllaceae. Sun and reflected heat. tridentata , Larrea mexicana General Description: Evergreen. This normally happens when the plant is 30 to 90 years old. Scientific Name: Larrea tridentata Common Names: Creosote Bush, Creosotebush Plant Characteristics. Five species of evergreen, xerophytic shrubs. The specific name tridentata refers to its three-toothed leaves. Skin problems, including acne 10. Leaves opposite, compound, 2 leaflets fused at the base, each less than 18 mm × 8 mm, lanceolate to curved, usually yellow-green with a glossy surface, darker and aromatic (creosote odor) after rainfall. ssp. Surfaces of younger parts are resinous and sticky; the odoriferous resins give it the common name, creosote bush. Water loss is reduced by the resinous waxy coating of the leaves, and by their small size, which prevents them from heating above air temperature (which would increase the vapor pressure deficit between the leaf and the air, thus increasing water loss). This shrub is extremely common and widespread in the desert and is the predominate plant in areas known as creosote flats. non Cav. Arthritis 2. It is antibacterial and prevents the Tooth Decay. The term "chaparral" refers to an area where plants adapt to droughts, sun exposure, and fire; however, Larrea tridentata is a xerophyte (or dry land plant) that does not usually grow in the chaparral.2 The chaparrals are a group of closely related wild shrubs found in the desert regions of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico as well as in the arid regions of South America, such as Argentina and Bolivia.10 Chaparral products found in health food stores usually consist of leaflets and twigs. It is an aborigine of North America.  In 2005, Health Canada issued a warning to consumers to avoid using the leaves of Larrea species because of the risk of damage to the liver and kidneys. tridentata (DC.) This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. In Mexican traditional medicine, the leaves and twigs are stepped in boiling water for just a few seconds to make a tea.  The Coahuilla Indians used the plant for intestinal complaints and tuberculosis. It has a number of other common names. Native Americans in the Southwest held beliefs that it treated many maladies, including sexually transmitted diseases, tuberculosis, chicken pox, dysmenorrhea, and snakebite. , King Clone was identified and its age estimated by Frank Vasek, a professor at the University of California, Riverside. It has a number of other common names, but in the world of herbal medicine, Chaparral seems to be the most common, common name.  In the regions where it grows, its smell is often associated with the "smell of rain".. It can be readily found in the Mojave, Sonaran, and Chihuahuan deserts as well as Death Valley, but its territory includes parts of New Mexico and Texas as well. By measuring the diameter of the ring, its total age could be estimated. arenaria L.D. Read more about Larrea tridentata; Contact Info.
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