See religious right and progressive. Fairness and accuracy mean attributing political actions to the group, government or party responsible, and not just to the religion, which may have millions of followers with different beliefs. Caution. In the United States, this myth most often refers to Asians. Sanskrit term for "great soul." Do not use the word proselytize unless you know it is being used in a negative context. The word swastika is derived from Sanskrit words that mean “auspicious,” “luck” and “well-being.” It is also a sign of the Sun-God Surya and his generosity. Avoid the term dwarf unless it is being used in a quote or in a medical diagnosis. Tribal governments formally list their members, who must meet specific criteria for enrollment. São Tomé and Príncipe "Is it time to stop calling food ‘ethnic’?" On subsequent references, use the pope, the pontiff or just his papal name (without Roman numerals), as in Benedict. Latinidad and Latin@ are emerging terms that may be favored by younger generations. On July 13, 2020 the team announced it would retire the controversial name and call itself the "Washington Football Team" pending adoption of a new name. See coming out, closeted. Do not say the seventh century A.D. Our culture recognizes two basic gender roles: Masculine (having the qualities attributed to males) and feminine (having the qualities attributed to females). Not all transgender people choose to or can afford to have such surgery. For some people, their gender identity does not fit neatly into one of those two choices. An umbrella term for people who experience their gender identity and/or gender expression as falling outside the binary of man and woman. The correct term to use is murti. Be accurate and avoid exaggeration. Historically, Palestine was a country east of the Mediterranean Sea. A birth defect is a physical or biochemical abnormality that is present at birth. Paraplegic: Avoid referring to an individual as a paraplegic. If it is relevant to mention adoption, use past-tense phrasing such as: She was adopted in 1997, rather than She is adopted. Normally, the body's immune system makes proteins called antibodies to protect against viruses, bacteria and other foreign materials. It can be insulting to ask Latinos born in the United States and Puerto Ricans whether they have a green card, as they are U.S. citizens by birth. Some Muslims say they generally say or write God instead of Allah when addressing a non-Muslim to avoid any suggestion that the two are not the same. Avoid. Hutu and Tutsi are ethnic groups, just like Serbs, Croats and Muslims in the former Yugoslavia. The terms insane, insanity and mentally deranged are commonly used informally to denote mental instability or mental illness but can be considered offensive. Avoid saying a person suffers from or is afflicted with the disease. According to Autism Speaks, common behaviors include difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication, obsession with specific and often unusual topics, and an inability to understand emotional and non-literal issues. While a skilled detective, Chan spoke “inscrutable” dialogue that often began, “Confucius say…” In “Behind That Curtain,” Chan said, “I fear I am victim of crude philosophy from Orient. Indian women wear mehndi for special occasions such as weddings. The American Psychological Association Style Guide also recommends capitalizing both White and Black, but it advises against using other “colors to refer to other human groups; doing so is considered pejorative.” The Diversity Style Guide has long advocated for the capitalization of White as well as Black. Some governments have, at times, banned veiling and at other times required it. [G]enocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: Also, names and orders of names that were used in South Asia often get confused when immigrants arrive in the United States, forcing them to adopt names and spellings more “convenient” for mainstream America. For more about the Holy See, see the Vatican's website. The paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould traced the term to Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (1752-1840), a German naturalist, who concluded that the Georgian people of the Caucasus region were the most beautiful and therefore most likely the first human beings created by God. For more about Bahá’í Faith go to bahai.org, the website of the worldwide Bahá’í community. South Africa Mention genetic relationships or conception techniques only when germane. Jains do not believe in a creator god; God is any soul who has been liberated from the cycle of birth and rebirth. In headlines, however, Blacks is acceptable.” ] In headlines where space is limited, gay is acceptable to describe both. Alcoholism is characterized by a loss of control in alcohol use, according to the American Psychological Association. A plant used to make ink or hair dye. Historically, some African Americans passed as White to avoid racial injustice. Note, the terms gay marriage and same-sex marriage should be avoided, as they can suggest marriage for same-sex couples is somehow different than other marriages. "Linguists now believe that 'Eskimo' is derived from an Ojibwa word meaning 'to net snowshoes.' A basic goal is to unify people worldwide through their African origins and culture. Should not be used in place of terrorist. Also Filipino, Pinoy (pee-noy)/Pinay (pee-nai). Avoid. A group of Christian churches that do not recognize the authority of the pope in Rome, but, like the Roman Catholic Church, have roots in the earliest days of Christianity. Hinduism: Hindus have no formal clergy but do have spiritual teachers, or gurus. There is much debate about the terms victim and survivor, especially when used in the context of sexual assault and domestic violence. By the same token, youth from families where Standard English is the dominant language will enter school speaking Standard English. Federal regulations from 2007 about racial and ethnic data require institutions of higher education to collect and report a single, mutually exclusive major racial/ethnic group for students in federal collections (e.g., IPEDS). The World Federation of the Deaf has taken the stance that hearing impaired is no longer an acceptable term. A group of people who self-identify with one another because of geographical, linguistic, cultural, religious and other ties. Native American and American Indian can be used interchangeably, however, the term is used only to describe groups of Native Americans -- two or more individuals of different tribal affiliation. Armed and unarmed fighting sports or skills, mainly of East Asian origin. Today the region includes current-day Israel. This guide is just a first step in what we know will be an ever-evolving document. These resorts, now mostly closed or under new management, were a popular vacation spot for New York City Jews between the 1920s and 1970s. For more about the Hispanic or Latino question read: When used metaphorically, the image demeans women of Chinese or Asian heritage because it implies submission, sometimes of a sexual nature. The term was used in the late 19th century to refer to people who had Down syndrome, due to the similarity of some of the physical characteristics of the disorder to Eastern Asian people who were called Mongoloid, according to the Oxford English dictionary. When capitalized, the word refers specifically to that branch of Christianity headed by the pope, the Roman Catholic Church. (a) Killing members of the group; Although caste discrimination is illegal in India and most Hindu leaders stress that it is not sanctioned in Hinduism, it is still practiced among followers of all religions throughout South Asia. Affirmative action is used in employment, education, government contracts and more. On the first two nights of Passover, it is traditional for a Jewish family to gather for a special dinner called a seder in which the story of the Exodus is retold. In Buddhism and Hinduism, the universal law of cause and effect; the effect (or fruits) of a person’s actions in one’s next lifetime. In general, try to avoid. Members are often called Moonies, but the term is considered derogatory; they call themselves Unificationists. Similar to reporting about a person's race, mentioning that a person is a first-generation immigrant could be used to provide readers or viewers with background information, but the relevancy of using the term should be made apparent in the story. It is possible to interrupt implicit bias by adding steps to decision-making processes that thoughtfully consider and address racial impacts. The name Punjab means "five waters," or "five rivers,"and signifies the land drained by the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej rivers, which are tributaries of the Indus River. For more about the history of the African diaspora, including the different phases of migration and where Africans settled, read the Institute for Cultural Diplomacy's web page about The African Diaspora. PTSD can be diagnosed a month or more after the traumatic event has occurred. See Sephardi. If A.D. is not specified, it is assumed to be A.D. Use B.C. Rastafarians believe that Haile Selassie (originally known as Ras Tafari), a former emperor of Ethiopia, is the only true God and consider him the messiah. The phrase abnormal behavior reflects social-cultural standards and is open to different interpretations. Use the term blind only when the person has complete loss of sight and the term legally blind when the person has almost complete loss of sight. In the first reference, the full name of the Church is preferred: "The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints." When in doubt, ask the news subject, especially on rules for second reference (such as Mr. Mao, but not Mr. Zedong). Combination of two races. For more information see the video "Five Questions About Black Hair."]. Rev. A checked scarf-like garment worn on the head by some Arab men. Pronounced “DAHR-muh.” The mode of conduct for an individual that is most conducive to spiritual advancement. Archdeacons are addressed with the honorific the Venerable, as in the Venerable Jill Smith. Because Standard American English is often seen as “proper” and spoken by white people, noting that someone speaks well can challenge black identity. On second reference, use only the last name. The guide is not available on the Internet, but is quoted widely, as in this article from Adoptive Families Association of British Columbia. DuBois, Henry Moscowitz, Mary White Ovington, Oswald Garrison Villiard and William English Walling. Some years ago a group of adoption advocates calling themselves the Accurate Adoption Reporting Group prepared a Suggested Adoption Stylebook in an attempt to educate journalists and other media writers to write or talk about adoption in a more sensitive and informed way. Sheikh also is used as a secular title. Preferred term, both as a noun and adjective, for women who are attracted to other women. A 1995 Brandeis University study of 3,000 discrimination suits found that about 100 had charged reverse discrimination. Generally used to describe the scarf many women who are Muslims use to cover their head, but it can also refer to the modest dress, in general, that women wear because of the Quran’s instruction on modesty. Cultural collaboration can lead to respectful sharing and fusion. He was portrayed by many actors, including Warner Oland, who also played Charlie Chan. Diaspora means “to scatter” in Greek, and the term is commonly used "to describe a community of people who live outside their shared country of origin or ancestry but maintain active connections with it," according to the International Diaspora Engagement Alliance. People wear turbans for different reasons, and there are different types of turbans. Arab is a noun for a person and it can be used as an adjective, as in Arab country. See Imperialism, Third World. New diversity style guide helps journalists write with authority and accuracy about a complex, multicultural world. That said, it's important not to equate being low-income with struggling for basic needs. Be careful about generalizing about South Asian names, not all of which are Hindu or Muslim names. See sodomy. They also call their houses of worship synagogues and their clergy rabbis. Enacted by many Western states in the early 1900s, these laws prevented Asians from owning land. A companion to the online resource of the same name, The Diversity Style Guide raises the consciousness of journalists who strive to be accurate. Its nearly two dozen staff lawyers are assisted by hundreds of cooperating attorneys across the nation. Archbishop may be replaced by the Most Rev. (b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; Dressing or acting in a style typically associated with another gender, typically through costume and/or performance. Symptoms may include delusions or hallucinations or other loss of contact with reality. If you're covering research or new data, don't refer to the findings as relevant to "the gay or LGBTQIA community" if the information only relates to, say, gay men. Slang words derived from schizophrenic and generally used inaccurately, to mean “of two minds.” Instead of using schizophrenia (or its derivatives) to describe something other than the illness, find other words. Cal State Apply (the platform all students use to apply to the CSU, students are able to choose other options when self-identifying on their application). This is a proper name of an organization founded by Jews who converted to evangelical Christianity, but see that faith as a fulfillment of the Jewish hope in the Messiah. The official name of the Church is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Low vision: Acceptable when a person is not legally or completely blind Across or crossing racial boundaries. See slavery. They are: An inaccurate phrase created and used by far-right extremists to oppose nondiscrimination laws that protect transgender people. for “before the common era” and C.E. In addition, it is recognized that the categories of the race item include racial and national origin or sociocultural groups.". See Lutheran. School discipline systems that disproportionately send Black students into the criminal justice system have been called “the school-to-prison pipeline.” When people say an institution is racist, they may not be referring to intent, but to the structures and policies of the institution. The vast majority of Issei were thus middle-aged or older during World War II. The Gambia From its beginning, the NAACP's mission has been to improve the legal, educational and economic lives of black people. The act of seeking converts to a faith. Your new-caught, sullen peoples, Refers to a group that has broken off from another. Although not necessarily a pejorative term, ABC may imply a lack of connection to Chinese identity or a sense of cultural confusion. Bipolar disorder often develops during late adolescence or early adulthood. Quadriplegic: Use people-first language, such as "a person with quadriplegia", Schizophrenic: Use people-first language, stating that someone is "a person with schizophrenia" or "a person diagnosed with schizophrenia" rather than a schizophrenic or a schizophrenic person, Wheelchair-bound (preferred: person who uses a wheelchair, wheelchair user), Caucasian / white (the w in white is not capitalized). DACA stands for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals. For women, lesbian is generally used, but when possible ask the subject which term she prefers. Use mental illness or mental disorder instead of insane or mentally deranged, except in a quote or when referring to a criminal defense. Terms used to refer to a family member or an affectionate, respectful name for a church member, sorority member or another black woman. Journalists should not use it except in direct quotes. Journalists should instead use a description of their views, such as opposed to abortion or against abortion rights. In recent years, even some nonliturgical Protestants, on their own or through their churches, have taken to observing the Lenten season through fasting and penance. Some people change their hair often. Eid al-Adha shifts dates every year because Muslims use a lunar calendar that only includes about 354 days. In Confucianism, Tao is the correct manner of conduct that stems from universal standards and ideals that govern right and wrong. People who identify as Black, (including people from Africa or from the African diaspora and mixed-race or part-Black people) are encouraged to post photos of themselves on social media with the hashtags #TheBlackout, #Blackoutday and/or #Blackout, according to the group's tumblr. A 2010 Gallup report found that 48 percent of Muslim Americans said they had been discriminated against in the previous year, and that anti-Islam sentiments had been increasing. Watch for assumptions and biases in your writing about the reasons for their income status, stereotypes, etc. See Eastern Orthodox. God is referred to as Vishnu when God’s role as preserver is emphasized. On second reference, use only the person’s last name. "Why everyone should stop calling immigrant food ‘ethnic,’" The Washington Post, July 21, 2015 Burundi It symbolizes the victory of dharma, and good over evil. Many members believe in God, but atheists also find a home in this denomination. Ask which term the subject prefers, if possible. The stone kaaba has been rebuilt several times. Commonly used to describe an aggressive activist working for a cause; a person eager to engage in a struggle to achieve his or her goal; can be used to mean any individual engaged in warfare, a fight, combat, or generally serving as a soldier. However, many Christian groups – particularly the Roman Catholic Church – draw a strong distinction between proselytizing and evangelizing. American Protestant denomination whose initial progress in ministering to black Americans was thwarted by segregationist policies. Instead, say the person has paraplegia. Shabbat is observed by lighting candles on Friday night (this is usually done by the woman of the house) and sharing a special family meal. Epilepsy manifests differently in individuals: The severity of epileptic seizures, their occurrence rates and the emergence of other health problems differ from person to person. A pejorative term for people from Oklahoma dating from the Dust Bowl and Great Depression, when thousands of poor people left the state, many heading to California. The partition, one of the largest forced migrations in history, occurred on two sides of British India--in the western Punjab region, and in the eastern Bengal region--where Muslims represented a majority of the population. For example: Ricky Martin is an out pop star from Puerto Rico. The act of publicly declaring (sometimes based on rumor and/or speculation) or revealing another person's sexual orientation or gender identity without that person's consent. Photos/videos — Avoid photos or videos of the location or method of death, as well as dramatic images of grieving family and friends or memorial services. Use these terms with caution and find alternatives such as divorced parents, parents living apart, single-parent households, etc. Originally a pejorative term for an effeminate gay man but often used acceptably as slang among LGBTQ people. In compound phrases, where the term is used as an adjective, a hyphen may be used, as in French-Canadian folklore. Some people make a distinction between “weak atheism” (the idea that evidence doesn’t support a belief in God) and “strong atheism” (being convinced that God does not exist). Term for a person who is not lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender and who actively supports the LGBT community. Number of deaths still unknown, but totaling at least in the hundreds. A model of gender that breaks the gender binary and takes into account the infinite variations of gender. Black and then African American replaced older terms such as Colored and Negro imposed by others. Shiism is the name of the smaller of the two major branches of Islam. Inherited chronic anemia found chiefly among blacks, characterized by abnormal red blood cells. [For an interesting discussion of the term microaggression, see The Seattle Times' "Under Our Skin" project.]. Avoid using psychotic to describe a person; instead refer to a person as having a psychotic condition or psychosis. See Islam. Black and African American do not necessarily mean the same thing and individuals may prefer one term over the other. Cognitive disabilities, also known as intellectual functioning, are recognized by the EEOC when an individual meets this criteria: 1. The faith also has practitioners, who are self-employed healers. See biphobia. An attraction to males or masculinity (andro) or females or femininity (gyne). We will closely watch how usage and thought evolves, and will periodically review our decision." A social and religious movement in Judaism founded in 18th-century Poland. Libya (1953) [The Arabic word hamsa means "five" and refers to the digits on the hand.]. It is best to ask people who are gender fluid which pronouns they prefer. Consider referring to a person or people or, if appropriate, including the term "non-binary" as a way to encompass all people. Transgender is an AP allows the use of New diversity style guide helps journalists write with authority and accuracy about a complex, multicultural world A companion to the online resource of the same name, The Diversity Style Guide raises the consciousness of journalists who strive to be accurate. A good-luck color in several cultures, including Indian and Chinese. One myth is that African Americans are the chief beneficiaries of affirmative action. There is evidence these experiences pile up and can hurt mental health and performance at work or school. Associated Press voted to accept the singular The name plays off Jewish entertainers’ Borscht Belt. Many evangelical Protestants have a tendency to use it specifically in reference to music – especially contemporary praise music – sung in church. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. horthand for “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell, Don’t Pursue, Don’t Harass,” the military’s former policy on gay men, lesbians and bisexuals. Typically family name first (as in “Smith”), personal name second (as in “John”). When describing specific symptoms, it is always best to ask the person what terms he or she prefers. her/him is not accurate or preferred. Pronounced “dee-VAH-lee.” The Hindu “festival of lights” is one of the most celebrated in the Hindu diaspora. Be cautious when using the term abnormal behavior. And more Founded in 1968 to promote civil rights for Native Americans. Caution. For clarity and consistency, CSU-published systemwide race/ethnicity data tends to follow the federal standard. Do not confuse Hindi with Hindu, which is a religious designation. Uppercase in all references. The website contains more than 700 entries of terms on race, ethnicity, gender identity, mental health, sexual orientation, religion, disability, suicide and substance abuse. afterward, as in 255 B.C. In American families, a mother, a daughter or a sister might decide to cover her head while the other does not. An alternative to "opposite sex" that recognizes gender as a continuum, rather than a binary construct. Native American Tribe To Open First Marijuana Resort In The U.S. It commemorates the Jews’ escape from slavery in Egypt as described in the book of Exodus, and it features special foods and the reading of the Haggadah, a compilation of biblical passages, prayers, hymns and rabbinic literature. Urdu is written in a Perso-Arabic alphabet. If there’s a term we’re missing or a resource you’d like to share, drop us a line on our Contact page. Disparaging term for someone deemed to have shunned his or her black culture and who acts white. A process that enables the body to rid itself of a drug. Do not used mixed as an alternative. The supreme principle is nonviolence; Jains believe plants and animals have souls, just as people do, and should be treated with respect and compassion. Skip to main content.ca Hello, Sign in. Jesse Jackson popularized the term African American, which had already existed, in the 1980s.